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Post  mauka on Mon Aug 02, 2010 6:12 pm

Freddy. mbeyella,
CORRUPTION is a wider concept and Corruption in public procurement cannot be talked about without immediately thinking of bribes paid by suppliers or received by public officials for the award of goods, works or services. therefore, for the benefit of this forum, let us examine the relationship between Public Procurement and corruption, also I will try to point out some points that I think are the possible sources and/or causes of corruption in Public procurement. this does not mean that i dis-agree with these area. but what am trying to do here, its just to point out some sections or area that are misused for corrupt purpose.

Section 45 of PPA, 2004 requires PEs to plan their procurement in effective manner in order to avoid emergency procurement. I can simply say, it’s generally concern with APP where by the Procuring entity needs to determine what goods or service it would like to buy (the requirements) and how much it would like to spend (the budget) annually. In both of these cases, there are opportunities for corruption. In determining the requirement, Reports can be prepared that falsely justify current or future departmental needs, falsely inflate actual needs or falsely report damaged equipment in order to create an excess supply that will be used for corrupt purposes. The procurement requirements can also be written to favor or disfavor particular suppliers. Budgets can be set artificially high so that excess allocations will be stolen or diverted. In addition, programmatic budgets can be devised in such a way that there are overlapping budgetary allocations among separate organizations or departments that will likewise be applied in a corrupt manner.

In Procurement solicitation process, this is an area that has been recognized as being particularly vulnerable to fraud and corruption. As we know that the main tasks under solicitation processes are compiling the request for proposals or tender documents and conducting the evaluation. The evaluation criteria in the request for proposals or tender documents can be drafted to favor a particular supplier or service provider or likewise can be drafted to emphasize weaknesses of a particular competitor. Later during the evaluation of the proposals or tenders, the evaluation criteria are misapplied or otherwise further defined or amended after proposal or tender receipt. During this process it is also possible that advance information can be provided to a particular favored supplier. Other techniques such as failing to solicit proposals or tenders from the competitors of a favored supplier, wrongfully restricting the tender pool, soliciting suppliers known to be inferior to a favored supplier, simply mis-addressing tender documents, accepting late proposals secretly or rejecting legitimate proposals intentionally are techniques that are utilized to corrupt the procurement process.

Contract award and performance ,Corruption opportunities also abound at the contract award and performance phase of the procurement process. For example, a contractor can propose an unrealistically low offer in the hopes that after the contract is awarded, procurement officials will allow amendments to increase costs. Likewise, a firm could offer exceptionally high caliber products or less qualified personnel to meet a particular requirement and then upon contract award substitute inferior products or personnel. It is also possible to corruptly require sub contractual relationships with favored suppliers. Furthermore, after the evaluation is complete, it is possible to award a contract that materially differs from the terms of the solicitation in terms of specifications, quantity, or delivery schedule. Oversight and reporting requirements may also be minimized and in some cases cost overruns can be corruptly explained away or falsely justified. Finally, supporting documentation could be intentionally lost or destroyed making detection and prosecution of corruption offenses difficult

i beg to submit


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Post  freddy.mbeyella on Fri Jul 30, 2010 10:09 pm

Dear Members of Forum,

Why do we shun this topic? Does is mean that there is nothing to discuss? Let me break the silence by posing few questions on the topic.” What is the cause of corruption? It is possible to combat and prevent corruption in public contracting? Where do we start?


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